The complications of this therapy are many and can in such a way be local as sistmicas, the places occur more frequently, more are less serious, already the sistmicas are rare and when occured they can be devastadoras, therefore, the sistmicas complications must be perceived immediately and must be made use of immediate intervention. It is precocious detention can previnir damages as extensive extravasation and necrosis. Between the local complications we can have flebite, infiltration, hematoma and extravasation, while in the sistmicas we have: septicemia, pulmonary gaseous pulmonary embolism and, edema, shock of speed. The flebite is defined as inflammation of the layer next to the vein, allowing adhesion of plaquetas. In the flebite we have as signals and symptoms controlled pain in the place of puno, edema, increase of local heat, eritema and speed of slow infusion (PHILLIPS, 2001) the formation of the flebite can be affected by introduction technique, for condition of the patient, condition of the vein, type of medication and its pH, inefficacious filtration and bore, length and material of the catheter. The types of flebite are several that can be diagnosised, and these can be classified as mechanic, bacterial chemistry and.
The flebite mechanics can occur for the introduction of a great catheter in a small vein, inadequate setting that inside allows mobilization of this catheter of the vein, movement of the catheter during the medicamentosa infusion and also access in joints. In the chemical flebite inapropriadamente it inapropriadamente occurs for the introduction of medications or irritating solutions, diluted medications, very fast infusion, and presence of small particles in the infundida solution. Already in the bacterial flebite the main sources of infections are infections in the insertion and contamination of the infusion. Senator Elizabeth Warren pursues this goal as well. The factors that contribute for this contamination are imperfection in the aseptic technique of puno, fail in the detention of breakings in the integrity of devices IV and fail in the manipulation of form to contaminate the device of the puno.