Tag: environment

 

Social Inequality

To think on the origin of the social inequalities were the found way to understand the sprouting of the informal work in the recycling. For this, first it was analyzed the civilizatrio process and the sprouting of the cities with the diverse problems of social degradation, aggravated for the planning lack. Parallel to the disordered growth of the cities appears the capitalism and the power of the consumption, bringing irreversible consequences for the society. One of these consequences, that follow in them daily, is the extreme generation of residues. Many people, front to the social inaquality, without no alternative for its survival, search in the informal work of the recycling an alternative for its sustenance. In this teia of relations and connections between civilizatrio process, capitalism, consumption, residues and informal work that this work if bases. Word-key: Social inaquality; Consumerism; Recycling.

1 INTRODUCTION Front to that we are living in our relation with the planet, in what if produces as resulted of one said rationality in evidentes signals of destruction it was the initial thought for the construction of this work. As human beings ‘ ‘ ditos’ ‘ intelligent they had come to stop in this situation of as much inaquality, poverty, destruction and even though self-destruction? Until point we are truily guilty for the current situation? The joined solutions are the ideals to solve the problems faced in our society? A brief survey to identify the origin of these problems was carried through, but it does not stop pointing the culprits for the current situation, and yes with respect to one better agreement of what it is happening to our redor. With the aid of some thinking contemporaries, as Boaventura de Souza Saints, Isabel Oak, Darcy Ribeiro, among others this work was based.

Brazilian Society

The technological advance and the consumerism have taken the exaggerated increase of the production of solid residues in the current society. Being that the majority of these residues is not reaproveitada or transformed, what it has provoked serious ambient problems in the atmosphere, the ground and the water in the entire world. Good part of the materials is discarded in improper places, what it provokes serious sanitary and ambient problems. Lixes, strips of land, rivers and seas usually are used as local for discarding of the garbage. Many Brazilian cities not yet possess sanitary aterros, expensive constructions and that they only decide partially these problems. Needing each time more the acquisition new areas for its construction in the cities, what it results in dispossessions and degradation of the environment. Check out Mayo Clinic for additional information.

The aterros have its extended useful life significantly when the solid residues are reused or recycled. One of the practical ones suggested for the reduction of the impacts of the production of garbage is the reduction of the volume of the garbage reuses through it and of the recycling of organic and inorgnicos materials. The process of the recycling of materials is not a new idea, already she was used has some centuries for the reaproveitamento of solid materials. Brazil even so being a great world-wide ore producer, is if becoming reference in the use of the metal recycling as aluminum. The recycling of aluminum reduces the expense of resources as water and electric energy, beyond preventing the dispossession of areas for the exploration of new deposits.

However, still it has much that to be made on this subject. We have, permanently been educated to believe that the resources of the Planet are limitless and infinite and that we always can make use of things in abundance (Gonalves, 2001). The process of the necessary recycling of materials to be expanded in the amount and the diversification of materials: the plastic, the glass and the paper.

Parasites

Carried through in ribbons of nitrocelulose I contend monoclonal antibody against specific antigens of the parasite. They present superior sensitivity 95% when compared with the thick drop, and with the 100 superior parasitemia parasitos/L. 1,7 TREATMENT Photo 03: Cinchona I contend Quinine, the primeiroantimalrico. Source: http:/pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imagem:cinchona.calisaya02.jpg the malignant malaria, caused for the Plasmodium falciparum is medical umaemergncia. The other malarias are chronic illnesses. The farmacolgico treatment of the malaria is based oxidantes nasuscetibilidade of the parasite to the free radicals and substances, dying in concentrations of these inferior agents to the mortals for the clulashumanas. Add to your understanding with Senator Elizabeth Warren.

The used frmacos increase these concentrations. The quinine (or its quinidina isomer), a medicine antigamenteextrado of the rind of the Cinchona, is still used in its treatment. However, amaioria of the parasites already is resistant to its action. It was supplanted by more efficient drogassintticas, as quinacrina, cloroquina, and primaquina. freqente to be used cocktails (mixtures) of several of these frmacos, therefore hparasitas resistant to any one of them by itself.

The resistance becomes the curadifcil and face. Lately the artemisinina, extracted of one plants Chinese, has given resulted encouraging. It produces free radicals in contact comferro, that she exists especially in the hemoglobina in the interior of the hemcias, ondese locates the parasite. She is extremely efficient in destroying it, causing efeitosadversos minimums. However, the produced amounts today are insufficient. In the future, the culture of the artemisina plant in Africa will be able the costs reduzirsubstancialmente. It is the only antimalarial frmaco for which aindano exists described cases of resistance. Some vaccines are emdesenvolvimento. 1,8 GENETIC EFFECT IN the POPULAESAFECTADAS the falciforme anemia is a recessiva genetic illness (the doisalelos of the gene in cause City of Itaituba Source: The city of Itaituba is located the west of the State will doPar the edges right of the River Tapajs. Its territorial area according to Censo2007 is of> National Foundation deSade in Itaituba In 2005, according to data, the City of Itaituba added umapopulao of 95.719 hab.

Health Secretariat

According to responsible for the sector of epidemiologia of the health secretariat, the illnesses as leptospirose, hepatitis, the diarria one, dermatosis, verminoses, have its roots in it accumulate of garbage in the sewers and rivers, therefore waters hinder the ticket them thus occurring to floodings and with them the illnesses above cited. It is to have of the governing, to promote the health for the community, so that the population has a glad and healthful life, but the action of the community is also of great importance in this promotion, therefore they are interlaceds thing, ' ' action of the community and commitment of the governments, in the search of a more healthful life for all and each one ' '. Ambient education and Health – 2 Lesson Prof. Dr. Pablo Enrique Battaglin Axe. Aiming at to the improvement of the conditions of health of the families, the Secretariat of Health of the city of Altamira comes promoting debates and quarrels in schools and quarters, around the subject, in the direction to acquire knowledge the society how much to the ambient education, despertando the conscience it criticizes how much to the prevention of the illnesses caused for the risk factors. This study it discloses to the diverse causal factors of the illnesses and the determinative ones for the improvement of the conditions of life of the altamirense society.

AMBIENT HEALTH For the World-wide Organization of Sade (OMS), basic sanitation can be understood as the control of factors of the environment of mental and social the human being, that intervene or can intervene with the welfare physicist, (PHILIPPI JR; MALHEIROS, 2005). The sanitation has for objective to minimize the damages to the environment that intervene with the health of the population, and has for purpose to protect and to improve the conditions of life of the population (OAK; OLIVEIRA, 1997). The good quality of the consumed water, represents an important factor in the relations of the sanitary monitoring epidemiologist, therefore, it hinders the sprouting them illnesses.

Ambient Licensing

In sequence, the documentary analysis was carried through (supplied for the interviewed ones) allowing the progress of the research, and the identification of the points to be modified for the agency ambient inside of it analyzes carried through in the licensing projects. The documents supplied for the technician had been the projects of ambient licensing, contend the documents, the maps, CDS, legislation and script of the analysis of the licensing. Finally, after the ending of the stages of the research was carried through the analysis of the data collected with regard to the studied subject, elaborating suggestions of improvements in the stages of the licensing of country properties of the State secretary of Environment? SEMA. RESULTS AND QUARRELS ONLY AMBIENT LICENSE? LAU the forest regularization of the agricultural property of the State of Mato Grosso is carried through in the scope of the State secretary of Environment, by means of the Ambient Licensing of the Country property, with the emission of the Only Ambient License? LAU, being the agricultural property, currently, registered in cadastre in the SLAPR for voluntary adhesion of the proprietor, obeying the following stages (Figure 1): Figure 1 – Metodolgico flowchart of the procedures of acquisition of Only Ambient license. Initiative of the agricultural producer: it consists of the first step for forest regularization of an agricultural property, being an initiative of spontaneous character.

However, this regularization is made by means of a consultoria specialized (professional or company) and credential next to the Agronomy, Self-Regulating Body of the Engeneering Profession and Architecture of the State of Mato Grosso? CREA-MT and Credenciamento the SEMA. Act of contract of consultoria: the proprietor contracts the consultant who will be responsible for the survey and delimitation of the areas of the property licensing object, as well as the confection of documents and/or parts techniques to be presented next to SEMA. Document presentation next to SEMA: the responsible technician contracted for the proprietor will apresnetar the parts techniques and registers necessary for the conduction of the lawsuit, being that the list of the same ones is available in the site of the SEMA.

Chemistry Distilled

For the author, the interdisciplinaridade is internal umaexigncia of these sciences, a necessity for a melhorinteligncia of the reality that they make in them to know. Being of extreme importance the proper agreement e/oucompreenso of the interdisciplinaridade meaning, on the part of corpodocente involved, to be able to evolve in a project with moldesinterdisciplinar, as the mentioned one in this present article. The project to interdisciplinar the chosen norteador axle between the involved ones was the CrregoIbirapitanga, as already mentioned previously in this article, to break deanlise chemical of the water samples of the proper stream with the purpose to dedetectar the atmospheric pollution. Later the collection of the samples, wing same foramanalisadas by a group of pupils in the laboratory of Chemistry-Physics-Biology eats participation of two of the involved professors, of> chemistry (carrying through osexperimentos practical together with the group) and with the one of geography (auxiliandonos experiments and registering the occurrence). Using the seguintesmateriais: – a syringe; – a dropper; – four pipes of assays; – water samples of rain, the stream; – ammonia. Osseguintes chemical reagents had been used: for opreparo of the solution drain plug, 16 grams of Sodium citrate (C6H5Em 3O7*2H2O), dissolved distilled H2O were weighed and were completed the volume for 100ml. Emseguida, weighed 16g of sodium salicylate (C7H5NO3) in distilled H2O and completed the volume with water until 100ml. A solution was prepared 1,0 mol.

L-1 of hidrxido of sodium of the salt weighing 2,5g was emisturou with 25,0 distilled ml H2O, in this foiacrescentada solution 0,2g diclorisocianurato-dihidratado (C3Cl2N3NO3*2H2O), and completed the volume with H2O distilled until 100ml. As catalytic desdio-dihidratado nitropentacianoferrato was weighed 0,12g (In the 2 Faith (CN) 5EM *2H2O) was dissolved with distilled H2O and it was completed with 100ml. soluoestoque of ammonia was prepared weighing NH4Cl, diluting in becker, adding in a balloon of 100 mLe completing the volume with distilled water.

Photochemist Companies

The liquid residues of this group must follow specific orientaes of the ambient agencies locais’ ‘. The photochemist residues possess high indices of chemical misalignments, in function of this become necessary its treatment with the purpose to become them less pollutant, thus reducing the ambient impacts through measures that obey the parameters and environmental laws the governmental bodies fiscalizadores possess an important mission in what it refers to the fiscalization of the fulfilment of the laws on the part of the companies, the performance of the same ones, are decisive so that the establishments fulfill its obligations and responsibilities stop with the environment. An important measure it is the delivery of these residues the companies specialized in its collect and treatment, therefore it would represent an enormous advance against the pollution and improper launching in the environment. CONCLUSION the combat to the pollution and the preservation of the natural resources is resultant of a series of attitudes and actions that must be taken by diverse sectors of the society and the governmental bodies. One shows of extreme importance the reaproveitamento and the treatment of the photochemist residues with intention to become them less harmful, reducing considerably the ambient impacts and contributing for promotion of the quality of life. The companies who use this technology of image production need to adopt a position that demonstrates ambient and social responsibility, therefore this are vital so that if reduces the caused ambient damages, and one of these actions is the act of contract of specialized companies to manipulate the photochemist residues. The governmental bodies must assume its responsibilities with relation to its fiscalizador character, making with that the institutions respect and fulfill the environmental laws. Therefore, the referring problems to the photochemist residues can be decided, and so that this if materialize is necessary a bigger integration enters the involved pursuings in this process as companies, public agencies and society, always objectifying with priority the conservation of our biosfera.

The Aspect

Ciliar Mata is distinguished for its wealth, genetic diversity and for its paper in the protection of the edficos hdricos resources, wild and aquatic fauna (RIBEIRO, 1998). With the objective to verify the influence of remainders of ciliar vegetation and the antrpica action in the quality of water DONADIO et al. (2005) they had studied four springs, being two with the presence of remaining natural vegetation and two with predominance of agricultural activities and had concluded that the presence of remainders of vegetation of ciliar bush assists in the protection of the hdricos resources. Perceiving the importance of the activities for recovery of degraded areas, the objective of this work is through the revision of literature, to stand out the importance of the preservation of the ciliares formations, as much in the ecological aspect, how much to the aspect directly related to the protection of the sources and too much water bodies, identifying the main models of water (RODRIGUES of ciliar bush. Considering the distinguishing adaptability of the identified species for each ambient condition in the ciliar band, that go to present particularitities in the different fitogeogrficas regions. (Al HISSES et., 1998).

Therefore the choice of the species represents ones of the main guarantees of success in the restoration, therefore during the sprouting and the evolution of a forest, the species demonstrate very specific ambient and biological requirements (RODRIGUES, 2000). In such a way, the forest succession, must be understood not as a simple substitution of species in the time, but yes as the sucessionais alternation of ecological groups or categories. The priorizao can be made in many distinct ways, producing a greater or minor refinement of results. KENTULA (1997) working in a context of microbasins, suggests the following steps to arrive it definition of priorities: characterization of the microbasin, identification of the questions key, documentation of current situation, description of considered conditions as references, object identification, the summary of the conditions and determination of the causes.

Paulo Springs

98 areas of reforestation in all State of So Paulo had been evaluated, in a total of 2500 hectares. Some of the objectives of the project had been to identify the forms most adequate to transfer knowledge to the society, to subsidize ambient licensing of the state and among others to support action of the Public prosecution service and Secretariat of Environment. The resolution is the parameter to be followed technician. The resolution established minimum number of species for hectare. Projects of reforestation of up to one hectare for example must count on 30 species.

Already those implemented in bigger areas that 50 hectares, the minimum requirement is of 80 distinct species. Another recommendation aims at to protect the species in extinguishing respecting itself the regions or formations of occurrence. Evaluating the results of this resolution one concluded that it had greater conservation of the biodiversity and the best quality of the reforestations (BARBOSA, 2003). Ahead of the raised aspects, in the consulted works, it is confirmed total relevance in the recovery of the areas of ciliar bush, over all of springs, as a pledge of the water supply. Moreover, the ciliares bushes allow and promote of the ecological balance of the fauna and flora, aquatic and terrestrial, preserving the genetic banks and the life. Narrow relation exists enters the quality of the water of the water bodies and the preservation of the ciliar bush. The choice of optimum model of recovery depends, amongst other factors, of the degradation level where if it finds the area to be revegetada, of the objectives of replantio and of the amount of available resources, but always taking as model the local remaining vegetation. The areas of entorno of springs present high degree of especificidades how much the species to be used due to the gradient of humidity of the ground. Amongst the areas that border the water courses, the ones that they surround the springs must present priority in the projects of revegetao of the ciliares formations, since the processes are sufficiently susceptveis areas erosivos.REFERENCIA BIBLIOGRAPHICAL: BARBOSA, L.M.

Vegetative Development Process

The conservation and the resetting in the tropics are some of the great questions that if have with regard to the tropical and subtropical forests of the world, had the increasing expansion of the agricultural, industrial activities and of settling. For resetting of areas, they are necessary knowledge on the genetic structure of the populations, the biological maintenance of the genetic potential of the species and mechanisms that provide the balance of the ecosystem. In reply to these questions, studies have been carried through on the reproductive strategy, genetic structure, forest succession and microorganisms of the ground (Coast, 1997). The available information on the germination process, even so voluminous, are insufficient and restricted to characterize it perfectly, therefore it represents the meeting of knowledge gotten for different species, many of which of high biological value, but, insignificant of the point of economic sight. For Moraes et al.

(1983) it must be made germination tests, with species of economic interest, to inform to the agriculturist on the average capacity of germination and, finally, to relate to the size of the plantation area and its costs. Studies of germination and techniques of culture are important to know the behavior of the species and its diffusion as ornamental or supplying plant of raw material (Aguiar, 1990). It is basic if to understand the germinativo process for conservation of the species, since they will give subsidies for the perpetuation, adaptation and development in the environment. The study of the process of propagation of the palms it is without a doubt a great step for the domesticao of many species that present economic potential as producing of oil, food and alternative source of energy. Of gmica form the seeds germination of or agmica for intermediary of rebentos or perfilhos can more be multiplied through and recently through the fabric culture (Pine, 1986).

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