But statistics prove the opposite – a lot of kids and adults too lazy to brush their teeth regularly or neglected major rules. "Yellow" smile and bad breath – not all the problems that beset lazy: they guards serious gum disease – gingivitis that goes to severe forms of periodontitis. Gingivitis – inflammation of the gums and tissues surrounding the tooth roots. Disease appears due to the accumulation of excess plaque, which contains food debris, and harmful microorganisms. A few years ago by the disease suffered only adults now suffer from it 40% of children 6 years of age who do not yet have permanent teeth, 70% of students 12-13 years old.
The maximum peak incidence occurs among 14-15-year-olds – in puberty and hormonal changes of the organism is diagnosed severe disease. To suffer from gingivitis, those who often forgets to brush his teeth, picks up the wrong paste or uses brushes with overly stiff bristles. The reason may be covered in the unfortunate set of dental crowns, poor seals, faulty bite. Not important role played by chronic diseases – pathology of the endocrine system (diabetes), thyroid or gastrointestinal tract, rheumatism, tooth and jaw anomalies. Gum disease can trigger drugs for the treatment of cardiovascular disease or central nervous system, anti-depressants.
Important are the ecology and quality of life – the higher the radiation background and the worst social conditions, the faster increasing% of gingivitis in the population. Parents need to remember that children under 9 years could not cope with oral hygiene in the home. Even if the kid wants to brush their teeth on their own, adults should complete the process. The major symptom of the disease – bleeding gums when brushing teeth, massive plaque, which is difficult to clean. After having pain, excessive sensitivity, gum deposited, exposed dental necks. Oedema see redness around the tooth, pastoznost (looseness) of gum. If left untreated, it is difficult to periodontitis. At the first sign of gingivitis need to rush to the dentist: if anxiety score early, at 9% cases of the disease can be treated without any problems. She successfully overcome with improved oral hygiene, which should be carried out by a dentist. Dental plaque is incredibly off with ordinary brushes – need Specialized cleaning teeth and removing plaque. Need to take special medicines, which not only treating but also preventing problems – antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, immunomodulators. Should use special toothpastes – they contain herbs that have anti-inflammatory action. For the prevention of gingivitis is required every day for a few minutes massaging the gums with a soft brush bristles: it is especially important for those who wear dentures. Even in the case of the slightest irritation need some time to sit on a diet: stop too cold or hot dishes, spicy and pickled goodies alcohol, gum and crackers. Also have to throw up smoking – nicotine irritates the mucous membranes of the mouth. And do not forget to visit the dental clinic for preventive maintenance. Children from 12 years of age and adults should enjoy and Flos brushes – they help remove food debris in hard to reach places where no one gets a toothbrush. But using them requires careful not to damage the connection of the tooth, which prevents opadanie gums.
The other half of constant oral microflora before and veylonellami diphtheroids. Staphylococci, lactobacilli, flagellate organisms, spirochetes, Leptospira, fuzobakterii, bacteroides, Neisseria, yeasts and other fungi, as well as protozoa found in the mouth in much smaller quantities. These data indicate the need to distinguish between major and minor permanent representatives of microflora of the mouth. After the birth of a child develops a characteristic only for him microbial ecosystem. When isolates from different areas of the oral cavity of adults noted the predominance of certain species in different parts of the mouth. This suggests that some species have an advantage in certain areas of the cavity mouth, which may be associated with specific physiological conditions in this place.
For example, Str.mutans – prevail on the surfaces of the teeth, Str.salivarius – a language with which washes away the saliva and are present in it, B.melaninogenicus found in large amounts in the sulcus. Bacteria in the mouth all the time, trapped in it due to adhesion to the structures of the oral cavity or to other microorganisms, and as a result of mechanical delays. Adhesion may be due to the synthesis of extracellular microbe polymers such as dextran, hyaluronic acid. Certain microbes synthesize a specific polymer. Some microbes can exercise adherence by mucin saliva. Another possibility of adhesion – a specific interaction between the surface layers of micro-organisms of different species. The nature of such adhesion poorly understood. Microorganisms that do not have adhesive structures may linger in the mouth mechanically in the gaps between the teeth, gingival grooves, cavities, etc.
On the representation and the number of bacteria is influenced by such factors as age, sex, nature of power. Nature and the amount of carbohydrates and proteins ultimately determine what microbes are "prosper" and which "fade". Drinking large quantities of sugar increases the amount of plaque and the prevalence of it and Str.mutans Str.sanguis. Substrates food microflora may be amino acids and proteins of saliva. Some bacteria may receive a number of metabolites from other bacteria, such as formic and lactic acids produced by bacteria can be energy source for veylonell. Great influence on the quantitative and, in some cases and species of microorganisms provides oral hygiene. With poor hygiene bacteria sharply increasing, especially anaerobes, and putrefactive bacteria. The number of microorganisms in the oral cavity changes during the day, with the leading role belongs to the formation rate of saliva, which decreases sharply at night time. Tooth loss also reduces the amount of microbial flora. Temporary or permanent changes in the content of individual representatives of the microflora can be caused by taking antibiotics, diet changes, elimination of all lesions and the removal of decayed teeth. Source: Meditsincky portal