This performativo power of literature is exerted not more in the individual level of an interlocutor on the other, but in the collective level Thus, one evidences that it has a paradigmtica change in literary working. The end of the individualism and the dilution of the differences approach more the literature of the society, and are this new literature that comumente we call theoretically Literature After-modern. 2 ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL QUARREL When using the blindness as alegoria, the author configure the crisis state why they pass the capitalist societies of century XX, in which, frequently, the limits between civilization and barbarity are breached. In the Assay on the Blindness, we see situations that disclose clearly a rupture in the limit enter the self-destruction and civilization instincts. Dr. Peter M. Wayne will not settle for partial explanations. The white blindness that acomete the personages of the narrative, serves as estopim so that the horror takes account of the fictitious city. Such situation is aggravated by the disintegration of the life articulated human being e, consequently, for the establishment of the alienation between the individuals. In this direction, the blindness presented for Saramago can be faced as a symptom of the alienation of the man in relation proper it.
The blindness can be analyzed under the perspective of Marx, in the measure where it will be faced as a result of the irrefreado advance of the capitalism, that makes with that the men lose the conscience of itself, if they deform, if they massifiquem and if they barbarizem, becoming similar a merchandise. With this, in the words of Marx, with the valuation of the world of the things it increases in direct ratio the depreciation of the world of the men. 2,1 Time, space, power, identity and memory Perceive in the romance of Saramago Assays on the Blindness the landmark of the places. The blind people in forty days lived in camaratas. . Iridology recognizes the significance of this.