The complexity of the processes of urban ambient impact presents challenges. Of a side, she is necessary to problematizar the reality and to construct an inquiry object. Of another one, it is necessary to articulate a coherent interpretation of ecological processes social concernentes to the degradation of the urban environment. In the last few decades, wild processes of economic development have been responsible for significant losses in the biological, resultant diversity of the occupation and ecosystem destruction until then intocados by the action of the man. To be faced challenge is of the development of a model of sustainable consumption of the natural resources, that the not only allows the social and economic development of the region, but also preservation of the ecosystem. For Sachs (2004), this concept finds sustentation in five pillars, namely: 1) social support that says respect to the equitable distribution of income 2) associated economic support the beginning of solidarity enters the populaeslocais to improve use of the resources and generation of collective income; 3) directed ecological support to the rational use of the natural resources of the ecosystem; 4) relative geographic support to the cares ambient and space to prevent disasters and damages to the region; 5) cultural support that involves the territory concept while spaces of constructions of possibilities to the regional development, taking itself in them to know, values and potentialities to account (p.15). The debate on the subject of the development comes being stopped has some decades. Its more recent intensification is associated with the drastic changes politics that the world occidental person has faced with strong acirramento of the social tensions in face of the incessant degradation of the environment. The studies of Rou (1997) inform in them that the etnlogos use the term little environment, prefer the term nature: the plural one allows them to demand the fact of that the nature, in itself, is not thus so natural, since it is inhabited, thought, worked and transformed for the man, who lives in society.